A Gastric bypass done in Corpus Christi is a bariatric surgery procedure offered by Lloyd Stegemann, M.D., and Jegan Gopal, M.D. at Bay Area Medical Center Hospital for patients considering weight loss surgery. If you are interested in more information about a gastric bypass, the diagram below has interactive descriptions that can help explain it better. Or if you are looking into having the surgery done in Corpus Christi please visit our seminar or contact page.
The Gastric Bypass (technically known as a Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass) is a weight loss operation that has been around since the late 1960s and except for a few minor modifications has remained essentially unchanged. The operation creates a small gastric pouch from the upper part of the stomach. The pouch is about the size of an egg and will typically hold about 20cc. This allows gastric bypass patients to eat small amounts of food and still feel full and satisfied. The second part of the operation involves dividing the intestine and attaching a portion of it to the new pouch. The final step is to reconnect the small intestine together again a bit further downstream creating the “bypass” portion of the operation. Sound confusing? Make sure you watch the video and it will all make sense. (see picture and video).
Benefits of Gastric Bypass
- Significant and predictable weight loss (70-80% of excess weight on average in our practice)
- Significant improvement in weight related medical problems (particularly diabetes!)
- Frequent improvement in quality of life
- Time tested
- Excellent hunger and portion control
- Dumping syndrome helps patients avoid sweets (see below)
After a gastric bypass operation, patients must avoid foods with sugar or they will likely get ill due to something called “dumping syndrome”. It is important to keep in mind that “dumping” only occurs with sugars; it does not happen with meat, vegetables, salads, etc and it also doesn’t happen with sugar substitutes (Splenda, Equal, Estevia, etc). It is also important to know that it is the amount of sugar that someone takes in that also makes a difference. So if a patient was to eat a couple of bites of ice cream, they probably wouldn’t “dump”, but if they tried to eat a whole bowl of ice cream…..look out!!!!
So what is “dumping”? Dumping syndrome is the term used for a constellation of symptoms that occur when a gastric bypass patient eats foods containing sugar, usually 10 grams of sugar or more. The first thing that happens is the patient starts sweating and their heart starts beating very fast. Shortly after this they will begin to experience crampy abdominal pain that will get more and more severe. The abdominal pain is usually accompanied by nausea, dizziness, and a feeling of the impending need to vomit or have diarrhea. Dumping will only last for 30 minutes or so, but that is all the time most patients need to say “Why did I eat that?!?!?!!?”.
Many gastric bypass patients find that having dumping or the fear of having dumping, helps them to avoid certain foods that were difficult for them to avoid in the past. They can have a little bit, but their surgery helps them make sure they don’t overdo it.
As with any surgery, there are potential risks associated with Gastric Bypass. While all of the risks listed below are possible, the likelihood of them occurring is often based on your overall health and medical problems prior to surgery. When you meet with Dr. Stegemann he will discuss with you your individual risks.
Potential risks of Gastric Bypass include, but are not limited to:
- Anesthesia reactions
- Blood Clots in legs or lungs
- Breathing Problems
- Injury to stomach, esophagus, liver, or spleen
- Conversion to open procedure (large incision)
- Internal hernia
- Bowel obstruction (blockage)
- Need for additional procedures
- Failure to lose weight
- Vitamin and mineral deficiencies